How To Help a Drug Addict
Recognizing the Signs of Addiction
The first step in helping an addict is learning to spot the signs of addiction. Substance abuse usually manifests itself in a number of outward signs and symptoms, which include changes in both physical appearance and behavior. And although the outward symptoms of substance abuse may differ greatly on an individual basis, the following signs are typical among addicts:
Physical Signs of Substance Abuse
- Fluctuations in weight.
- Unkempt appearance.
- Bloodshot eyes.
- Abnormal pupil size.
- Problems with coordination.
- Changes in speech patterns, e.g., slurred or abnormally rapid speech.
- Changes or disturbances in sleep patterns, including insomnia or sleeping often and/or at odd hours.
Behavioral Signs of Substance Abuse
- A loss of interest in daily activities.
- Frequent mood swings.
- Problems at work, such as decreased performance, missing shifts and/or difficulties with bosses and coworkers.
- Problems in personal relationships.
- Secretiveness, suspicion and paranoia.
How to Help
Once the signs of addiction become apparent, there are a number of ways friends and family members can help. The following are basic steps in handling substance abuse in a loved one.
1. Voice Your Concerns
Speaking up is the first step in helping a loved one suffering from addiction. However, voicing concerns can often prove quite difficult, especially when the addict in question is reluctant to admit the problem. One important tip to remember when it comes to approaching the subject of a loved one’s substance abuse is to be kind and supportive. Taking an accusatory stance often backfires; instead, remain calm and avoid using tactics that involve guilt or anger.
2. Call for Backup
Enlisting the help of other friends and loved ones can help reinforce the severity of the situation. However, it’s important that the individual in question doesn’t feel threatened. Make sure that each person involved understands the importance of kindness, tact and emotional support.
3. Suggest Treatment
Suggesting substance abuse treatment should be the primary goal in helping an addict. Drug abuse treatment centers provide patients with the tools to battle addiction on physical, emotional and psychological levels, which exponentially increases the chances of maintained sobriety.
Substance Abuse Treatment Facilities
Most addiction treatment centers offer services and treatments like the following:
- Detoxification. This process involves ridding the system of all addictive substances. Due to withdrawal symptoms caused by the discontinuation of certain substances, detoxification can often be quite painful, overwhelming and even dangerous. For this reason, undergoing detox in a medical setting is recommended.
- Counseling. Talk therapy is an integral part of recovery. This process involves one-on-one discussions with a trained professional in which addicts explore the psychological and emotional aspects of addiction. During counseling, patients often work to overcome the underlying causes of addiction, as well as develop strategies that will ensure sobriety.
- Group therapy. In group therapy, patients with similar problems meet to discuss addiction. Group therapy has a number of benefits in the treatment of substance abuse, including peer support and the sharing of coping strategies and success stories.
- Aftercare. Follow-up care is a vital aspect of successful substance abuse treatment. Aftercare often includes continued therapy and group meetings, which can greatly improve the chances of maintained sobriety.